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Asthma: more than an inflammatory disease : Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology

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For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Subscribe to eTOC. Advanced Search. Toggle navigation. Subscribe Register Login. Your Name: optional. Your Email:. The lungfunction data confirmed that textile workers were at much greater risk of chronic lung disease, with loss of function, than the controls, in all smoking categories. There was evidence that chronic lung disease often led to premature retirement among the male textile workers.

The excess risk of lung-function loss occurred among workers in yarn preparing and weaving, as well as in carding and spinning, but not among workers employed in clothrooms and in other dust-free jobs. At least 35, men and women in the U. Adequate programs of prevention and control of chronic lung disease, a late stage of byssinosis, as well as of the earlier acute manifestations of byssinosis, are urgently needed. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. Epidemiology of chronic lung disease in a cotton mill community. Authors Authors and affiliations A.

Bouhuys J. Schoenberg G. Beck R. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Anderson, D. Part III. The prevalence of respiratory disease in a rural Canadian town. Armitage, P. New York: Wiley Google Scholar.

Respiratory Consequences of Rhinovirus Infection

Indian J. Jubulis J, et al. Modifiable risk factors associated with tuberculosis disease in children in Pune, India. Indoor air quality of low and middle income urban households in Durban, South Africa. Asher I, Pearce N. Global burden of asthma among children. How much asthma is really attributable to atopy? Ellwood P. The Global Asthma Network rationale and methods for Phase I global surveillance: prevalence, severity, management and risk factors. Risk factors for asthma: is prevention possible? Biomass fuel exposure and asthma symptoms among rural school children in Nigeria.

Household biomass fuel use, asthma symptoms severity, and asthma underdiagnosis in rural schoolchildren in Nigeria: a cross-sectional observational study. BMC Pulm. Kumar P, Ram U. Patterns, factors associated and morbidity burden of asthma in India. Prevalence, risk factors and underdiagnosis of asthma and wheezing in adults 40 years and older: A population-based study.

Gaviola C, et al. Urbanisation but not biomass fuel smoke exposure is associated with asthma prevalence in four resource-limited settings. Angelis N, et al. Airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Amaral, A. Collaborators GCRD. Global, regional, and national deaths, prevalence, disability-adjusted life years, and years lived with disability for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Mathers, C.

The global burden of disease: update. World Health Organization, Jaganath D, et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and variation in risk factors across four geographically diverse resource-limited settings in Peru. Miele, C. Urbanization and daily exposure to biomass fuel smoke both contribute to chronic bronchitis risk in a population with low prevalence of daily tobacco smoking. COPD , 1—10 Siddharthan T, et al. Association between household air pollution exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outcomes in 13 low- and middle-income country settings.

Cullinan P, Reid P. Global epidemiology of head and neck cancers: a continuing challenge. Kunal, S. Bronchial anthracofibrosis with interstitial lung disease: an association yet to be highlighted.

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Case Rep. Bronchial anthracofibrosis: an emerging pulmonary disease due to biomass fuel exposure. Singh V, et al. Clinico-radiological profile and risk factors in patients with anthracosis. Lung India. Occurrence of bronchial anthracofibrosis in respiratory symptomatics with exposure to biomass fuel smoke. Sandoval J, et al. Pulmonary arterial hypertension and cor pulmonale associated with chronic domestic woodsmoke inhalation. Functional and radiological impairment in women highly exposed to indoor biomass fuels.

Fitzmaurice C, et al. The Global Burden of Cancer JAMA Oncol. Global trends of lung cancer mortality and smoking prevalence. Lung Cancer Res. Lung cancer-A global perspective. Hill AB. The environment and disease: association or causation? Tammemagi MC, et al. Selection criteria for lung-cancer screening. Effects of a liquefied petroleum gas stove intervention on pollutant exposure and adult cardiopulmonary outcomes CHAP : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

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A comparison of the inflammatory and proteolytic effects of dung biomass and cigarette smoke exposure in the lung. Household use of solid fuels and high-temperature frying. IARC Monogr. Risks Hum. Support Center Support Center. External link. Please review our privacy policy. Household combustion of wood, dung, crop residue, or charcoal indoors in non-industrialized or domestic settings. The Begg funnel plot asymmetry and the Egger test indicated publication bias after removing one outlier study. Air pollution from indoor burning of any solid fuels wood, charcoal, animal dung, crop residues, and coal for household purposes.

ALRI in adults including pneumonia, acute bronchitis or bronchiolitis in adults. Meta-analysis was not possible due to methodological heterogeneity in exposure and outcome assessment. Misra et al. At least one ALRI pneumonia, emphysema, bronchiolitis, bronchiolitis reported in children by a caregiver, study personnel or physician, death certificate or verbal autopsy, or detected in nasopharyngeal swab culture or nasopharyngeal aspirate immunoflouroscent microscopy.

Jackson et al. Severe ALRI, defined differently depending on study setting: 1 hospital-based study: hospitalization for pneumonia or bronchiolitis in children under five years of age 2 community-based studies: presence of chest indrawing in a child with cough and difficulty breathing with increased respiratory rate for age within the WHO cut off for respiratory rate. Study indicated signs of recall bias, interviewer bias, and misclassification bias. TB defined by microbiological criteria sputum smear alcohol-fast bacilli-positive or doctor-diagnosed active TB. Positive association between solid fuel use and TB.

Lin et. Reference group included clean or non-solid fuels electricity, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, biogas, and kerosene.

No significant small study bias in funnel plot concluded. Household combustion of wood, dung, crop residue, or charcoal indoors in non-industrialized or domestic settings for all age groups, gender, interventions, and study designs. No significant association with HAP exposure and asthma. The Begg funnel plot and Egger test did not show indications of publication bias.

No heterogeneity from meta-regression were found for studies of chronic bronchitis. No systematic reviews have been published. Oral cancer, Pharyngeal cancer, Laryngeal cancer, Esophageal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer. Funnel plot did not indicate publication bias. Coal smoke had a slightly stronger association with lung cancer than biomass smoke but the confidence intervals overlap Coal smoke: pooled OR 1. Begg funnel plot and Egger test indicated publication bias. No significant heterogeneity was observed in the different strata for HAP exposure studies.

Bruce et al. Biomass fuel exposure including wood, straw, grass, crop waste or residue, animal dung and charcoal. Lung cancer as cancer of any histological type emanating from the lung, trachea or bronchus. Association between biomass fuel use and lung cancer, when excluding studies without clean reference, was an OR 1. Bates et al. Children 2—35 months old in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Self-report on use of household cooking and heating appliances.

Stoves and cooking fuels were confirmed by inspection. Severe ALRI: cough or breathing difficulty accompanied by lower chest wall indrawing. Maternal education and occupation, having one or more family members who smoke indoors, and living in a single-family dwelling or shared home.


Ramesh Bhat et al. Acute lower respiratory tract infection as defined by the WHO definition. Cooking fuel other than LPG was associated significantly with acute lower respiratory tract infection Patel et al. The 3 surveys are: NFHS-1 — : households, women age 13—49 surveyed; NFHS-2 — : households, women aged 15—49 surveyed, NFHS-3 — : , households, women aged 15—49 surveyed.

Included participants from rural and urban India. Acute lower respiratory tract infection was defined as cough with rapid breathing in the two-week period prior to the survey assessment. Mortimer, K et al. Cluster randomized controlled trial. The pneumonia incidence rate in the intervention group was Smith, K.

Randomized controlled trial. Physician-diagnosed pneumonia: not defined, stated as without use of a chest radiograph.

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Secondary outcomes: fieldworker-assessed pneumonia all and severe and seven other conditions of physician-diagnosed pneumonia. Rabbani et al. Large secondary care hospital in Pakistan. Cases: Non-smoking 20 to year-old women with pulmonary TB; Controls: Age and area of residence matched women suffering from other diseases.

Self- reported type of kitchen ventilated vs non-ventilated , age at which cooking was started, average daily cooking time, current and past use of specific types of cooking fuels biomass which included wood, crop residues and animal dung; or cleaner fuels which included natural gas and LPG. New pulmonary TB cases diagnosed by physician through sputum smear for acid-fast bacilli or chest radiograph. Jubulis et al. Recruited from a Large tertiary care hospital in Pune, India.

Parent or guardian self- reported tobacco smoke exposure, primary cooking fuel used. No quantification of hours exposed. Age, sex, school attendance, household TB exposure, household food insecurity and vitamin D deficiency. Oluwole et al. Children aged 6—21 years attending primary and secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Age, sex, maternal level of education, tobacco exposure, indoor environmental characteristics, indoor pet exposure. Biomass fuel was associated with increased odds of asthma symptoms: adjusted odds ratios were 1. Age, sex, maternal level of education, tobacco exposure, indoor environmental characteristics, indoor exposure to pets, BMI.


Kumar et al. Self- reported type of fuel used clean only or other , cooking stove type. Quantification of use was not reported. Self-reported previous diagnosis of asthma or cough with shortness of breath. Sex, age, marital status, completed years of schooling, tobacco smoking, chewing tobacco, alcohol use, vegetarian, nutritional status, wealth quantile, religion, caste, place of residence.

Gonzalez-Garcia et al. Adults of both genders older than 40 years of age in urban areas of five Colombian cities. City of residence, sex, BMI, education, respiratory disease before 16 years old, first-degree relative with asthma, occupational gases or fumes exposure, occupational dust or particles exposure.

Gaviola et al. Adults were defined as having asthma if they met any of the following three criteria: 1 physician-diagnosis of asthma, 2 self-reported wheezing attack in the last 12 months, or 3 use of asthma medications in the last 12 months. Age, sex, height, living at high altitude, smoking, BMI, hypertension, family history of asthma, socioeconomic status, urbanization. Miele et al. Age, sex, hypertension, BMI, history of asthma and post-treatment TB, pack-years of smoking, wealth index, living in an urban setting, living at high altitude.

Adults aged 40 years or older from low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Self- reported exposure levels assessed. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age, sex, BMI, pack-years of smoking, cumulative years of exposure to dust in the workplace. Siddharthan et al.

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Household air pollution exposure was defined as self- reported use of biomass materials as the primary fuel source in the home. Age, sex, daily cigarette smoking, body mass index, post-treatment pulmonary tuberculosis, and secondary education. Singh et al. Controls: patients matched according to age, gender and smoking habits, without black patches on bronchoscopy. Acanthrosis: black pigmentation of the mucosal lining of the tracheobronchial tree on bronchoscopy.