Having analysed and interpreted two approaches towards individual justice, I had my opinion for this matter. I think that while talking about a concept like justice, we should be more careful about how we define it and how we use it in our lives. These two concepts should be separated from each other due to their completely different nature and mechanism in themselves.
We all have responsibilities for ourselves at first, and for society secondly. Aristotle believes that everyman should live a virtuous life in order to get happiness and thereby they live justly, for that matter. Consequently, although Plato and Aristotle have very similar ideas about virtues and the form of justice, they differ from each other in some of the points such as individual justice and the approach they apply to interpret concepts. As it is well known that Plato has ideal world on his mind in an abstract way he interprets concepts analysing the deep meanings of them.
Aristotle, on the contrary, defines and analyses his ideal form of life determining exact shapes and applying scientific approach for that matter. Furthermore, he does not emphasize one category of political justice and domestic justice. He just defines those main titles in a proper way.
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The Concept of Justice in Greek Philosophy (Plato and Aristotle)
Remember me on this computer. I am of the opinion that justice is indeed in the interest of the stronger; the stronger being the will of the people. Justice is in the interest of the stronger. The idea for a just city was constructed in the book, Plato Republic, and in that blueprint, the ultimate goal was to have a just city, it should. Humans as any other live beings created by nature have developed their own laws of living in order to control and coordinate the relations between them and to avoid chaos in community.
Consequently, from this decision arisen another important question — in what way and by whom should the laws be developed and regulated.
The Nature of Justice in Society and the Individual According to Plato
The main ideas of the laws are to protect the rights of every individual, to ensure peace, to state the norms of social behavior; therefore they should. The study of Ethics is a diverse one encompassing many topics and having many applications. Some of the age-old questions inherent to Ethics refer to the nature of justice. Justice is the one of the oldest concepts in existence and as such has been discussed by many a philosopher over the ages.
Plato finds that justice is the harmonious balance of the three elements of the soul.
This is like the case in which writing too small to be read, using eyes alone and solitary from a frame of reference, might be capable of understanding if it were to be found writ large elsewhere. Therefore, Plato makes his case through his plan for an ideally just society.
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Plato believes that in many ways a minimal state is best; it provides for benefits of specialization, division of labor, and the capability to meet the needs of the people. The problems with a minimalist society are that some people within the society will always want luxuries, some people outside the society will want to take the benefits of the society, and that the benefits of the society are incapable of being guarded by guardians alone.
This question is not easily answered without causing a pattern of infinite regression; for to add more guardians is simply to create more of the problem. Plato also discusses the possibility of a luxurious state.
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In this state the needs of the people are met,. Show More. Read More. Popular Essays. Open Document.